# Category Archives: Fundamental Principles

## Three Constituents of the Fundamental Theory for the Four Interactions

The aim of this blog is to clarify that the fundamental theory of four interactions must contain the following three basic constituents: the symmetries, the Lagrangian actions, also called functionals, and the field equations. The relation between these three components … Continue reading

## Law of gravity and Gravitational Radiation

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Radiations and Potentials of Four Fundamental Interactions, Hal-preprint, hal-01616874, October 10, 2017 Talk at 2017 Midwest Relativity Meeting. October 13, 2017, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan The above paper addresses radiation and field particles of the … Continue reading

## New Interpretations of Wave Functions in Quantum Mechanics

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Quantum Mechanism of Condensation and High Tc Superconductivity, 38 pages, October 8, 2017, hal-01613117 In this post, we describe the new interpretation of quantum mechanical wave functions introduced in the above paper. In classical quantum … Continue reading

## Dynamical Law of Physical Motion Systems

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Dynamical Law of Physical Motion and Potential-Descending Principle, The Institute for Scientific Computing and Applied Mathematics Preprint #1701, July 6, 2017 This is the last of the three blog posts for the above paper. The … Continue reading

## Irreversibility and Problems in the Boltzmann Equation

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Dynamical Law of Physical Motion and Potential-Descending Principle, The Institute for Scientific Computing and Applied Mathematics Preprint #1701, July 6, 2017 The previous blog is on postulating the potential-descending principle (PDP) as the first principle … Continue reading

## Potential-Descending Principle as the First Principle of Statistical Physics

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Dynamical Law of Physical Motion and Potential-Descending Principle, The Institute for Scientific Computing and Applied Mathematics Preprint #1701, July 6, 2017 One main component of this paper is to postulate the following potential-descending principle (PDP) … Continue reading

## Singularity at the Black-Hole Horizon is Physical

1. Newtonian Viewpoint Consider a massive body with mass inside a ball of radius . The Schwarzschild radius is defined by Based on the Newtonian theory, a particle of mass will be trapped inside the ball and cannot escape from … Continue reading