# Author Archives: Ma-Wang

## Plasma Fuel: A New Efficient Way of Converting Solar Energy Into Fuel

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Topological Phase Transition III: Solar Surface Eruptions and Sunspots, hal-01672381, 2017 Based on the recently developed theory of heat [T. Ma & S. Wang, Statistical Theory of Heat, 2017, hal-01578634], we derived in the above … Continue reading

## Three Constituents of the Fundamental Theory for the Four Interactions

The aim of this blog is to clarify that the fundamental theory of four interactions must contain the following three basic constituents: the symmetries, the Lagrangian actions, also called functionals, and the field equations. The relation between these three components … Continue reading

## Dynamic Theory of Fluctuations And Critical Exponents of Thermodynamic Phase Transitions

Ruikuan Liu, Tian Ma, Shouhong Wang and Jiayan Yang, Dynamic Theory of Fluctuations And Critical Exponents of Thermodynamic Phase Transitions, Hal-01674269 This paper is aimed to establish a dynamical law of fluctuations, and to derive the critical exponents based on … Continue reading

## Topological Phase Transition V: Interior Separations and Cyclone Formation Theory

Ruikuan Liu, Tian Ma, Shouhong Wang and Jiayan Yang, Topological Phase Transition V: Interior Separations and Cyclone Formation Theory, 2017, Hal-01673496 This is the last one in this series of papers on topological phase transitions (TPTs); see I, II, III, … Continue reading

## Topological Phase Transitions IV: Dynamic Theory of Boundary-Layer Separations

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Topological Phase Transitions IV: Dynamic Theory of Boundary-Layer Separations, Hal-01672759 This is the fourth of a series of papers on topological phase transitions (TPTs), including quantum phase transitions, formation of galactic spiral structure, sunspots and solar … Continue reading

## Topological Phase Transition III: Solar Surface Eruptions and Sunspots

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Topological Phase Transition III: Solar Surface Eruptions and Sunspots, 2017, hal-01672381 The physical and mathematical reasons for solar surface eruptions and sunspots are not satisfactorily understood. This paper is aimed to provide a new theory for … Continue reading

## Topological Phase Transitions II: Spiral Structure of Galaxies

Tian Ma & Shouhong Wang, Topological Phase Transitions II: Spiral Structure of Galaxies, 2017, hal-01671178 The aim of this paper is to derive a new mechanism for the formation of the galactic spiral patterns. 1. There are three types of galactic … Continue reading